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Kakamega Forest is a tropical rainforest situated in the Kakamega and Kisumu Counties of Kenya. It is Kenya’s only tropical rainforest and is said to be Kenya’s last remnant of the ancient Guineo-Congolian rainforest that once spanned the continent.
Flora found in the park include some of Africa’s greatest hard and soft woods: Elgon teak, red and white stinkwood and several varieties ofcroton and aniageria altisima. There are 380 recorded species of plants. This includes 60 species of ferns, 150 species of trees and shrubs, and 170 species of flowering plants including 60 species of orchids with 9 species found only in this forest.
The forest is famous for its birds, 367 bird species have been recorded in the forest such as the west African Great blue turaco andblack-and-white-casqued hornbill. At least 9 birds are not found anywhere else.
Wildlife that occur in the park include bush pig, duikers, bushbuck, African clawless otter, mongoose, giant African water shrew, squirrels,tree pangolin, porcupine, bats and a variety of primates including the blue monkey, redtail monkey, De Brazza’s monkey, baboon, pottoand the occasional vervet monkey. Leopards have been occasionally reported, but the last official sighting was in 1991 .
Insects are abundant and some are quite spectacular, such as Goliath beetles, pink and green flower mantis, and numerous colorful butterflies (489 species). Particularly well represented groups are ants (Formicidae), Lepidopterans, Orthopterans, and beetles.Gastropods, millipedes and spiders are also common.
The flora and fauna of Kakamega Forest has not been extensively studied.